Types of reflection in counseling

Ensuring that you understand your clients, and that your clients feel understood by you is foundational to the counseling relationship. The skills on this page are particularly useful for building the counseling relationship by helping your clients to know that you are hearing and understanding what they are saying.

All three methods involve repeating back, in your own words, what the client has said. Counselors often go beyond simple repetition and include their own interpretations of the client's emotions or existential meaning to increase the "depth" of the session. These techniques can often be used in place of questions, as, like questions, they prompt the client to reflect or talk more. However, these techniques often have additional benefits of questions as they also demonstrate that the counselor empathizes with and understands each client.

Summaries, paraphrases, and reflections can be described as:.

types of reflection in counseling

Counselors can reflect a wide range of information, but reflections typically include one or more of the following:. Counselors can intentionally use language to increase or decrease the emotional intensity of their reflections, thereby altering a client's emotional arousal. Using evocative language and metaphors e. Conversely, a counselor might support a client in containing their emotions toward the end of the session, so the client is prepared to leave the session.

It is important that counselors attempt to match their reflections to the emotional intensity of the client's experience. Thus, intentionality is important when counselors reflect more or less emotion than the client expresses, as doing so can result in the client feeling misunderstood and not listened to. Summaries, paraphrases, and reflections can be described as: Summarizing Broadest of the three methods for repeating information. Useful at the end or beginning of session. For example, summarizing the session to the client or reorienting the client to the previous session.

Paraphrasing Not as broad as a summary, yet more broad than a reflection. Useful for pacing counseling sessions and for demonstrating empathy to clients. Paraphrases can contain condensed reflections. Counselors can strengthen their reflections by constructing a reflection that integrates content, process, affect, and meaning. For example, "While talking about the loss of your dog content I experience you as alternating between anger and sadness affect. That makes a lot of sense to me self-disclosuresince you told me that seeing your dog at the end of a stressful day kept you grounded meaning ".

Types of Reflections Counselors can reflect a wide range of information, but reflections typically include one or more of the following: Content Reflecting content involves repeating back to clients a version of what they just told you. Reflecting content shows the client you understand and are listening to them.

Emotions Reflecting a client's emotions is often useful for heightening the client's awareness of and ability to label their own emotions.

types of reflection in counseling

It is important that counselors have a wide emotional vocabulary, so they can tailor their word choice to match a level of emotional intensity that is congruent with a client's experience.

Feeling word charts are useful for reviewing a wide range of feeling words. Meaning As existential theorists observe, humans are meaning making creatures. Reflecting a client's meaning can increase the client's self-awareness while encouraging emotional depth in the session.

Emotional Heightening Counselors can intentionally use language to increase or decrease the emotional intensity of their reflections, thereby altering a client's emotional arousal. An example of emotional heightening is: Client: "My wife and I can't stop fighting with each other, and things are really escalating.This known as paraphrasing.

Reflecting and paraphrasing should not only contain what is being said but what emotion or feeling the client is expressing. Client Mohammed : My ex-wife phoned me yesterday; she told me that our daughter Nafiza who is only 9 is very ill after a car accident.

I am feeling very scared for her. Counsellor: So, Mohammed, you have had some bad news about your little girl, who has been involved in an accident. You are frightened for her and also have worries over money now you have lost your job. You might reflect back the whole sentence, or you might select a few words — or even one single word — from what the client has brought. This is a pity, as reflection can be very powerful. He really gets to me when he is non-accepting.

So you can get clarification in this way. Paraphrasing is repeating back your understanding of the material that has been brought by the client, using your own words. We all use paraphrasing in our everyday lives. If you look at your studies to become a counsellor or psychotherapist, you paraphrase in class. First of all, it helps the client to feel both heard and understood.

The client brings their material, daring to share that with you. You paraphrase it down. And empathy is not a one-way transaction.

Carl Rogerspp. When the client feels at some level that they have been understood, then the empathy circle is complete. Spotted out-of-date info or broken links? Email: brokenlink counsellingtutor. Rory has over 10 years expereince as a counselling tutor.

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Member Login - Click Here. Reflecting and Paraphrasing. Free Download: Reflection in Counselling Overview.A reflective listener tries to respond to feelings, not just to content. Feelings emerge in the emotional tone that the speaker expresses, such as anger, disappointment, discouragement, fear, joy, elation, or surprise.

As Tannen notes, in troubles-talk, the speaker is often not looking for the solution of the surface problem, but rather for a way to deal with the emotional and social ramifications. When the listener responds to personal statements rather than impersonal ones, the other usually stays at the personal level, improving his or her understanding of the situation, and developing a more realistic, active approach to solving problems.

Responding to what is personal means responding to things the other person says about themselves rather than about content people, situations etc.

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If a co-worker said, "I'm worried that I'll lose my job" the reflective listener would try to focus on the worried "I" rather than on the job situation.

Carl Rogers notes that a person who receives response at the emotional level has "the satisfaction of being deeply understood" and can go on to express more feelings, eventually getting "directly to the emotional roots" of their problem.

It provides a major release for a person who has previously felt it necessary to suppress negative feelings.

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All site Counsellor or psychotherapists Events Search.Interpersonal Skills:. Subscribe to our FREE newsletter and start improving your life in just 5 minutes a day. However good you think your listening skills are, the only person who can tell you if you have understood correctly or not is the speaker.

Therefore, as an extension of good listening skills, you need to develop the ability to reflect words and feelings and to clarify that you have understood them correctly. It is often important that you and the speaker agree that what you understand is a true representation of what was meant to be said. As well as understanding and reflecting the verbal messages of the speaker it is important to try to understand the emotions - this page explains how to use reflection effectively to help you build greater understanding of not only what is being said but the content, feeling and meaning of messages.

Reflecting is the process of paraphrasing and restating both the feelings and words of the speaker. The purposes of reflecting are:. Reflecting does not involve you asking questions, introducing a new topic or leading the conversation in another direction. Speakers are helped through reflecting as it not only allows them to feel understood, but it also gives them the opportunity to focus their ideas. This in turn helps them to direct their thoughts and further encourages them to continue speaking.

Mirroring is a simple form of reflecting and involves repeating almost exactly what the speaker says. Mirroring should be short and simple.

Reflecting Skills

It is usually enough to just repeat key words or the last few words spoken. This shows you are trying to understand the speakers terms of reference and acts as a prompt for him or her to continue. Be aware not to over mirror as this can become irritating and therefore a distraction from the message.

Paraphrasing involves using other words to reflect what the speaker has said. Paraphrasing shows not only that you are listening, but that you are attempting to understand what the speaker is saying. It is often the case that people 'hear what they expect to hear' due to assumptions, stereotyping or prejudices. When paraphrasing, it is of utmost importance that you do not introduce your own ideas or question the speakers thoughts, feelings or actions.

Your responses should be non-directive and non-judgemental.Counselling is a non-directive talking therapy, which creates a non-judgemental space in order for you to work through your difficulties in a safe therapeutic In this relationship, the assumption is that the client is in a problem and needs assistance, while the counselor is experienced and possesses unconditional positive regard to the client. Therefore, counseling may also be regarded as a helping profession because it aims at helping the clients deal with the problems they face List the four defining criteria of crises: 1 Are temporary 2 Result You will receive feedback on your actual performance during your monthly performance counseling DA Form During your monthly performance counseling we will discuss in detail the areas that you What is reflection?

Reflection is the examination of personal thoughts and actions. For practitioners this means focusing on how they interact with their colleagues and with the environment to obtain a clearer picture of their own behaviour. It is therefore a process by which practitioners can better understand themselves in order to be able to build on existing strengths and take appropriate future action.

Its aim is to develop Johns implies that action can be taken through reflection to increase effectiveness in practice as reflection provides opportunities for self development as professionals Marxist-inspired social analysis to assert that the problems of the Philippine society are rooted in three fundamental problems.

Feudalism, bureaucrat capitalism and imperialism. Such analysis is sorely inadequate and does not go far enough. Our reflection in faith enables us o view our problems beyond the range of ideologies and temporal perspectives. In the poverty and underdevelopment of our nation, in its conflicts and divisions, we see the hand of human sinfulness, particularly the grasping This essay will reflect upon an incident in practice when I administered a drug to a child.

I will use Gibbs reflective model Gibbs see appendix 1. This model of reflection will be applied to the essay to facilitate critical thought and relating theory to practice where the model allows. Discussion on the incident will include the knowledge underpinning practice and the evidence base for the administration of the drug. A conclusion to the essay will then be given which will discuss my knowledge Reflection When Mr.

Albina opened the topic about doing an Outreach Program, I thought that it was just a drawing. A big beautiful drawing that I can only imagine but can't really do and I'm really guilty about that thought because I already judge something Sign Up. Sign In. Sign Up Sign In.

Reflecting

Reflection On Counseling c Counselling Counseling is a dynamic interaction between counselor and counselee where a counselor adopts certain attitude and uses knowledge and skill to introduce and sustain in the clients learning process of self-expression leading to self understanding, leading to action so that the client changes his behaviour and solves his problems. Counseling relief 3 Experience of denial and minimization of the loss 4 Sadness and lowered self-esteem 5 Taking hold of a new way of life and letting go of the past 6 Final acceptance of change and planning for the future 7 Reflections on learning from the transition experience Define stress reation: A condition characterized by physiological tension and persistent choice conflict.Who knows what show might take on the former reality host next.

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Download the TV Guide app for iPhone, iPad and Android. One hundred 14-yr-old children were observed over 1 yr to find out if caries incidence and caries progression could be predicted in a low prevalence child population by means of well-known caries related factors.

The mean caries incidence was low (0. In only eight out of 35 children progressing lesions were demonstrated. Independent variables at baseline examination were caries prevalence, sucrose intake, fluoride exposure, oral hygiene, saliva secretion rate, and salivary concentrations of mutans streptococci and lactobacilli. A weak but statistically significant correlation was demonstrated between caries incidence and caries prevalence.

No other significant correlations were shown. It was concluded that caries activity could not be predicted in this population. Low disease prevalence was a major reason for the weak correlations. Create File See comment in PubMed Commons belowCommunity Dent Oral Epidemiol. Klock B1, Emilson CG, Lind SO, Gustavsdotter M, Olhede-Westerlund AM. Author information1Bohuslandstinget, Partille, Sweden. AbstractOne hundred 14-yr-old children were observed over 1 yr to find out if caries incidence and caries progression could be predicted in a low prevalence child population by means of well-known caries related factors.Up next as contenders for the Legion of Boom mantle.

Here come the Jaguars, trying to become the first team in the Super Bowl era to lead the NFL in points allowed, yards allowed, takeaways and sacks. The key for the Jags on Sunday, though, will be to keep the ball out of Russell Wilson's hands late. Wilson, who has jumped into MVP talk of late, has 15 touchdown passes in the fourth quarter with one interception. Conversely, Jacksonville quarterback Blake Bortles has tossed exactly one fourth-quarter TD this season, and four picks. He leads the league with 74 turnovers since entering the NFL in 2014, though Jacksonville has minimized his miscues this season, with opponents scoring 15 points off 15 turnovers.

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Jim Kelly and Dan Marino met 21 times in their respective careers, with Kelly going 14-7. A win also would give New England its league-record eighth straight 11-win season, surpassing the 2003-09 Colts.

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But I think it might be a little early. Two of the three teams tied for first in the AFC West at 6-6 get together in a potential elimination game at Arrowhead Stadium on Sunday, but it might not be that simple for the Chiefs and Raiders, let alone the Chargers, who host Washington later in the day.

The Raiders have not won at Kansas City since 2012 and have not scored more than 17 points in any of their past four games there. But Derek Carr, who is one of two quarterbacks in the league to throw a touchdown in every game in which he has played, gets Michael Crabtree back from suspension in time to face a Chiefs pass defense that has given up 256.

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Going Deeper (Reflections of Feeling and Meaning)

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types of reflection in counseling